A Challenge to our Victorian Ethics: Humans and Chimps Interbreeding

first_img[Guest article]  Newspapers chipped away at Christian ethics last week with articles describing evidence that “early humans” bred (hybridized) with their supposed ancestors, the chimpanzees, for millions of years after becoming another species.  The New York Times reports:David Page, a human geneticist at the Whitehead Institute in Cambridge, said the design of the new analysis was “really beautiful, with all the pieces of the puzzle laid out.”  Whether the hybridization will turn out to be the right solution remains to be seen, “but for the moment I can’t think of a better explanation,” he said.  “These crucial events in early human evolution are hard to judge dispassionately”, Dr. Page noted.  “We’d like to have a more Victorian view of our genome,” he said.  “This reminds us that we are really animals and gives us a glimpse of our past and a story that we might like to have told in a different way.”The paper by Dr. David Reich of the Broad Institute concludes that humans and chimpanzees must have interbred during the “early years” after humans supposedly branched off from the chimpanzee family tree.  He basis this on the fact that while the human and chimpanzee genetic codes found in their chromosomes all differ by a percentage, the most similarity on a percentage basis is found in the X chromosome, two of which are found in females, while the male has one X and one Y.  Since evolutionists assume that the genetic code is changing at a steady rate over time, they attempt to “date” the time when one species splits off from another by the percent differences in their genetic code and the assumed rate of change.  Dr. Reich’s abstract reads:The genetic divergence time between two species varies substantially across the genome, conveying important information about the timing and process of speciation.  Here we develop a framework for studying this variation and apply it to about 20 million base pairs of aligned sequence from humans, chimpanzees, gorillas and more distantly related primates. Human-chimpanzee genetic divergence varies from less than 84% to more than 147% of the average, a range of more than 4 million years.  Our analysis also shows that human-chimpanzee speciation occurred less than 6.3 million years ago and probably more recently, conflicting with some interpretations of ancient fossils.  Most strikingly, chromosome X shows an extremely young genetic divergence time, close to the genome minimum along nearly its entire length.  These unexpected features would be explained if the human and chimpanzee lineages initially diverged, then later exchanged genes before separating permanently.“Exchanging genes” of course implies these “early humans” were mating with chimpanzees, a scenario that scientists found startling, according to a report in StarNewsOnline.  Nevertheless, some are taking the theory seriously.  However, not all are convinced.  Daniel Lieberman, a professor of biological anthropology at Harvard, is quoted by the Associated Press in an article appearing in BBC News: “It’s a totally cool and extremely clever analysis.  My problem is imagining what it would be like to have a bipedal hominid and a chimpanzee viewing each other as appropriate mates, not to put it too crudely.”  (If Dr. Lieberman were consistent in his evolutionary views, the concept of “crudely” would have no meaning.)    Others are not so easily convinced.  Science News reports that:Anthropologist Jeffrey H. Schwartz of the University of Pittsburgh sees no merit in the new findings.  Reich’s team looked for data to support an assumption of close genetic ties between humans and chimps but skimmed over evidence of human similarities to other primates, Schwartz asserts.  The hybridization hypothesis “pushes the limits of credulity,” Schwartz says.For a creationist response, see David DeWitt’s article on Answers in Genesis.So what was really found in this study?  Evidence of evolution, or was evolution just assumed?  The StarNewsOnline article reports:A principal finding is that the X chromosomes of humans and chimps appear to have diverged about 1.2 million years more recently than the other chromosomes… One explanation for this finding, Reich’s team says, is that there was a hybridization between the recently separated chimp and human lineages.The principal finding of the study was not that the X chromosomes appear to have diverged over 1.2 million years more recently than other chromosomes.  This just assumes evolution and takes off from there.  The principal finding was that there is less percentage difference between the human and chimp X chromosomes than between other chromosomes.  That this happened because humans and chimps were hybridizing is an explanation for the difference, not a finding, and is based on the assumption of Evolution and Long Ages.  Hybridization is just speculation, however, it gets good headlines.  When you have no evidence, speculation is all you have, and there is no shortage of it.  Dr. Reich is quoted in the StarNewsOnline report:…chimpanzee ancestors, well-adapted for living off fruit in tropical forests, seem to have been adept at spinning off variations, such as gorillas, who live on vegetation, and the human lineage, which exploited the drier woodlands that opened up between the forests… Reich said.So now we not only know a bit about early man’s sex life, but also what they ate and where they lived.  And all this from variations in gene frequencies.  What will they come up with next?  Would you believe sexism?  Notice this astonishing claim from PoliticalGateway.com:  “Geneticists have also found that women are biologically closer to chimpanzees than men are.  That is because the Y chromosome, which only men carry, has changed more than the X chromosome.”(Visited 24 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

The Cost of Meeting Britain’s Green Code is Dropping

first_imgAmong the challenges posed by the Code for Sustainable Homes, a system adopted in the United Kingdom to rate the energy efficiency of new housing, are the costs of compliance.That’s obviously true anywhere stricter code is enforced, but in the U.K. cost took on added importance as the code – which rates building performance on an ascending scale, from Level 1 to Level 6 – was made mandatory for new construction in 2008, just as the housing downturn tightened its grip. New homes, in fact, are required to meet Level 3.The cost of compliance is fallingIt turns out, though, the average cost of Level 3 compliance, which was expected to gradually decline as design, materials, and construction techniques were adjusted, has fallen more quickly than anticipated, according to recent research. What that might mean for homebuilders in the U.S. as code requirements evolve here is difficult to determine at this point, but it at least shows builders, designers, and manufacturers are highly adaptable, ingenious bunch.A study of Code for Sustainable Homes compliance costs, published in August by the U.K.’s Department for Communities and Local Government, shows that average extra costs for homes built to Level 3 fell 75% in a three-year period, from $7,237 in 2008 to $1,831 in 2010. The study covered construction costs for two-bedroom apartments, three-bedroom attached dwellings, and four-bedroom detached homes in a variety of settings.A better envelope, not a solar arrayAlthough the U.K. introduced a more stringent baseline code last year, called Part L 2010, the study used an older baseline, Part L 2006, since relatively few buildings have yet to be built to the 2010 standard.Projects built to meet the Level 4, 5, or 6 rating standard were on average significantly more expensive to design and build – and fewer in number – than Level 3 dwellings, the study noted, although some U.K. builders say they have found ways to reduce costs even on Level 6 projects by using modular slab and wall components and shared graywater systems for reducing overall water consumption.The study found that while some Level 3 projects boosted their energy efficiency performance with help from renewable-energy sources such as wind turbines and photovoltaic systems, most focused entirely on “fabric improvement” – a combination of building systems and materials that enhance the insulation and airtightness of the building envelope.“With the adoption of Code level 3 dwelling emission rate standard as the minimum requirement of Part L (through the 2010 revision),” the study noted, “a fabric-only approach at Code level 3 may become the norm.”“Costs have fallen rapidly”The building industry’s performance under the Code for Sustainable Homes earned high praise from Paul King, CEO of the UK Green Building Council, an advocacy group.“The industry has responded in a remarkable way,” King said in a statement. “Both house builders in terms of the design of new homes and the construction products industry in terms of the technology required, and as higher levels of the Code have become increasingly mainstream, costs have fallen rapidly.”last_img read more

Kamworor holds off fellow Kenyan Kipsang to win NYC Marathon

first_imgTyphoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Runners move along 4th Avenue in the Brooklyn borough of New York during the New York City Marathon on Sunday, Nov. 5, 2017. (AP Photo/Andres Kudacki)NEW YORK — Geoffrey Kamworor of Kenya has won the New York City Marathon, holding off countryman Wilson Kipsang by three seconds for his first major victory.Kamworor ran the race in 2 hours, 10 minutes, 53 seconds. He and Kipsang embraced just past the finish line to huge cheers.ADVERTISEMENT QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Read Next Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa LATEST STORIES Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice PLAY LIST 01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:29DOH kicks off nationwide polio vaccination drive01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Aussie coach, Reyes, Baldwin headline coaches convention Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 American running great and 2009 New York winner Meb Keflezighi completed his 26th and final marathon, collapsing as he crossed the finish.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding View commentslast_img read more

4 days agoSead Kolasinac says Arsenal plans on track

first_imgSead Kolasinac says Arsenal plans on trackby Paul Vegas4 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveSead Kolasinac says Arsenal’s plans this season are on track.Arsenal can return to third in the table with victory at Sheffield United tonight.“The Premier League isn’t called the hardest league in the world for nothing,” said Gunners defender Kolasinac. “It [the race for the top-four] is pretty wide open. For example, Manchester City lost to Wolves before the international break. But we are just going to focus on ourselves and try to work hard to win every game. Who knows what will happen at the end of the season? “We are still at the beginning now, but we hope to finish in the top four.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Video: FSU RB’s Working Out With Wet Footballs To Prepare For Potential Downpour Saturday

first_imgFSU players and coaches at practice.FSU FootballsFlorida State travels to Wake Forest this Saturday, and the game could be affected by the path of Hurricane Joaquin. At the very least, heavy rain could fall during the contest, and the Seminoles are preparing for the inclement conditions. Here’s a video courtesy of FSU beat writer Safid Deen showing the Seminole running backs working with wet footballs in anticipation of a downpour on Saturday. The balls get a quick dunk in a bucket of water before being used in the drill.FSU’s running backs working with wet footballs in preparation for Saturday’s game at Wake Forest. #Noles pic.twitter.com/tvkRuRavtE— Safid Deen (@Safid_Deen) October 1, 2015Can’t leave any stone unturned when getting ready to play.last_img read more

The 64 Most Annoying People In Sports Media: Clay Travis Region

first_imgThe 64 Most Annoying People in sports media bracket.The 2016 NCAA Tournament field was unveiled Sunday night, meaning that for the next three days, college basketball fans will be spending their time filling out brackets. We here at College Spun have a different kind of challenge for you, however. We want you to help us determine the most annoying person in sports media. We’ve gone ahead and nominated 64 different candidates.A few of the nominees – like Barstool Sports, Saturday Down South and SB Nation – are actually entities, rather than people. But you get the gist. We’ve also put ourselves on here, just in case you think that we’re actually the most annoying.Let’s get started. You can vote on the Clay Travis region below:The 64 Most Annoying People In Sports MediaThe 64 Most AnnoyingVote On The Clay Travis Region Below1. Clay Travis vs. 16. Jim RomeClay TravisRome isn’t burning anymore, but Clay’s hot takes do enough melting for this entire field. More Annoying: Clay Travis vs. Jim Rome?2. Dick Vitale vs. 15. Jim NantzDicky VImpossible to fall asleep when Vitale is on the broadcast. Impossible not to when it’s Nantz. More Annoying: Dick Vitale or Jim Nantz?3. Doug Gottlieb vs. 14. Ron JaworskiGottliebSyracuse fans, among others, can’t stand Gottlieb. Jaws’ shtick is played out too. More Annoying: Doug Gottlieb or Ron Jaworski?4. Keith Olbermann vs. 13. Chris ChaseKeith Olbermann Chris ChaseOlbermann can’t figure out how to play nice in the sandbox. Chase is infamous for going against the grain.  More Annoying: Keith Olbermann or Chris Chase?5. Erin Andrews vs. 12. Lee Corsoerin andrewsSome think Andrews looks annoyed all the time. Some don’t like Corso’s shenanigans each Saturday. More Annoying: Erin Andrews or Lee Corso?6. Kirk Herbstreit vs. 11. SB Nation’s Twitter MafiaKirk HerbstreitHerbstreit gets it from basically every fan base, regardless of which teams he picks. Spencer Hall, Ryan Nanni, Jason Kirk and Rodger Sherman are basically all the same person. More Annoying: Kirk Herbstreit or SB Nation’s Twitter Mafia?7. Max Kellerman vs. 10. Barstool Sports GuysKellerman BarstoolWe’re still not sure how Kellerman weaseled his way back onto ESPN. And you either love or hate Barstool. More Annoying: Max Kellerman or Barstool Sports?8. Rick Reilly vs. 9. Todd McShayRick ReillyReilly had it first on Twitter, we’re told. McShay’s back-and-forth with Kiper could be its own category. More Annoying: Rick Reilly or Todd McShay?Vote On The Stephen A. Smith Region Here >>>last_img read more

War Child Presents BRITs Week Gigs

first_imgWar Child is currently in the middle of a week of incredible gigs in London as part of BRITs week.Among the artists taking part are Biffy Clyde, Walking On Cars, The 1975, Craig David presents TS5, Richard Hawley with special guest Paul Weller, Basement Jaxx, Rag’n’Bone Man, Tinie Tempah, Rick Astley, Anne-Marie, Lianne La Havas, Wild Beasts, Jack Savoretti, WSTRN, Stefflon Don, Avelino, Abra Cadabra, Yxng Bane and Darline.All gigs are raising money to support children whose lives have been devastated by war.For more info, click here.last_img read more